This information was adapted from a report prepared by Phillippos J. Loukissas and Stuart H. Mann, Community Studies Program, The Pennsylvania State University. The report was prepared for the Office of Management, Research, and Transit services, Urban Mass Transportation Administration, Washington, D.C. Please view the full
In 1958, a twelve acre Urban Renewal Project was begun in Burlington in cooperation with the U.S.' Department of Housing and Urban Development. The developer for the renewal project is Donohoe Associates of Philadelphia. The original project plan, called for the development of mixed uses, including office, retail, hotel and parking facilities. Prior to the start of construction on the Church Street Marketplace in 1979, a 200room hotel, and four separate medium office buildings had been completed; a 620 space parking garage and the Burlington Square Mall had been built. Seven acres, all between Burlington Square Mall and the waterfront, remain to be developed. Separate from the urban renewal project, a 400space parking facility was completed off South Winooski Avenue, parallel to Church Street. Funds for this garage were supplied by the Economic Development Administration (EDA). Three other parking facilities have been built by private developers since 1986 bringing the total number of undercover parking spaces in the CBD to more than 2,1 00. City Officials report that Burlington now has a supply of parking which far exceeds the average for a city its size.
Prior to 1973, public mass transit service was operated within the Burlington area by the Burlington Rapid Transit Company (BRT), a private operator. In July 1973, the BRT petitioned the state for cessation of services and the Chittenden County Transportation Authority (CCTA) was formed by state statute (Kamerbeek 1980). The authority provides mass transit to the five municipalities of Burlington, South Burlington, Essex, Shelburne and Winooski and is the only public authority in the State of Vermont. Contrary to the trend in many small cities, CCTA has shown an increase in bus miles operated and passenger revenues due in part to increases in level of service, revised fare structure, improved transfer procedures, and new bus equipment.